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Primary Research on Elderly Care Challenges in Informal and Formal Settings during the Pandemic



Elderly constitute almost 12% of the total population of India. The major challenges that they face are income and health insecurity. These handicaps compromise their ability to lead a dignified and fulfilling life. Some of them, in fact face abuse and mistreatment due to these handicaps.

Elder Abuse is a single, or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person. So, whether informal or formal settings, elderly are vulnerable to abuse.

Covid 19 and its protocols have impacted older persons and their care givers, both in family and institutional settings. The lockdown and later limited mobility due to the protocols has impacted the lives directly and indirectly in terms of seeking services, social inclusion, interaction and earning a living, both by the elderly and the care givers.
Informal Settings

  • Consequences of lockdown on the family and on the older persons: loss of livelihood of young adults, reverse migration, reduction in salary and impact on remittances; work from home/study from home, contracting C 19 infection and isolation/ quarantine.
  • Changes in behaviour of the young adult care givers of family during the lockdown: health and nutrition, decision making, mobility, social inclusion, digital literacy.
  • Behaviour of the family after lockdown: Restoring care as in pre-Covid 19 period.
  • Challenges faced by the care givers: during and after the lockdown in care giving for old parents/relatives while living with them/ separately.  

Formal Settings

  • Consequences of Covid 19 lockdown on life of older persons in old age homes: health and nutrition, mental wellbeing, recreation, social isolation, Covid 19 infection.
  • Consequences of post lockdown on older persons in old age homes: Restoration of Pre Covid 19.
  • Challenges faced by the management of old age homes during lockdown and later in managing the home: consequences of lockdown and pandemic on the care services provided at the old age home, following protocols of hygiene and distancing, monitoring and adapting services to ensure basic services, health and mental wellbeing, managing exigencies.



One district from each state, including urban and rural area, on the basis of proportion of older persons.

Sample size per district not to exceed 500 (older persons across SEC A-D).

2 Old age homes from each selected state including HI homes (10% residents and 2 Staffers from each home total number no exceeding 60 (20 Staffers and 40 residents).

In-depth interviews with care givers of elderly living with families (25 ppl X 10 districts)

States to be covered:

  1. Punjab
  2. UP
  3. Bihar
  4. West Bengal
  5. Kerala
  6. Tamil Nadu
  7. Maharashtra
  8. Gujarat
  9. Andhra Pradesh
  10. Odisha

Additional – Metropolitan cities to be included:

  1. Delhi
  2. Mumbai
  3. Kolkata
  4. Chennai
  5. Hyderabad


  • Start Date: 7th May 2021
  • First Draft 30th May
  • Second Draft 5th June 2021
  • Final Report along with PPTs on 10th June


  • Sampling
  • Framing questionnaire (Translation wherever required)
  • Data Collection, Tabulation and analysis
  • Report writing: national And State reports
  • Preparation of PPTs: National and State findings



Kindly Send Quotation for the above to by April 30, 2021.

For any queries please write email to